Maupertuis, Pierre-Louis Moreau de

(1698-1759)
   mathematician, naturalist
   Pierre-Louis Moreau de Maupertuis, who introduced the theories of isaac Newton to France, was born in saint-Malo. in 1736-37, he planned and led an expedition for the Academy of Sciences to Lapland to measure there the length of a meridian arc of one degree; the result, compared with a measurement made in Peru, allowed him to conclude that there was a flattening of the earth at the poles. Revising Fermat's theorem in 1744, Maupertuis presented the "principle of least resistance," which allowed the prediction of the movement of all "material points," and which constituted for him a formulation for all mechanical theory. in the field of biology, he amended the atomic theory and presented the theory of biological mutation. He also elaborated on the theory of particular heredity. Maupertuis was also interested in the origin of languages. From 1741 to 1756, he was at the Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences at the invitation of King Frederick ii. Maupertuis was elected to the Academy of Sciences in 1723 and to the Académie Française in 1746.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Maupertuis , Pierre-Louis Moreau de — (1698–1759) French mathematician, physicist, and astronomer Maupertuis, who was born at Saint Malo in northwest France, joined the army as a youth, leaving in 1723 to teach mathematics at the French Academy of Sciences in Paris. He traveled to… …   Scientists

  • Maupertuis, Pierre-Louis Moreau de — ▪ French mathematician and astronomer born Sept. 28, 1698, Saint Malo, France died July 27, 1759, Basel, Switz.       French mathematician, biologist, and astronomer who helped popularize Newtonian mechanics.       Maupertuis became a member of… …   Universalium

  • Maupertuis, Pierre Louis Moreau de — ► (1698 1759) Geómetra y físico francés. Se le debe la formulación del principio de mínima acción …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • MAUPERTUIS, PIERRE LOUIS MOREAU DE —    French mathematician and astronomer, born at St. Malo; went to Lapland to measure a degree of longitude, to ascertain the figure of the earth; wrote a book On the Figure of the Earth ; was invited to Berlin by Frederick the Great, and made… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Pierre-Louis Moreau de Maupertuis — Pierre Louis de Maupertuis Pierre Louis Moreau de Maupertuis (* 28. September 1698 in Saint Malo; † 27. Juli 1759 in Basel) war ein französischer Mathematiker, Astronom und Philosoph, der das Prinzip der kleinsten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pierre Louis Moreau de Maupertuis — Pierre Louis de Maupertuis Pierre Louis Moreau de Maupertuis (* 7. Juli 1698, Saint Malo; † 27. Juli 1759, Basel) war ein französischer Mathematiker, Astronom und Philosoph, der das Prinzip der kleinsten Wirkung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pierre louis moreau de maupertuis — Pierre Louis de Maupertuis Pierre Louis Moreau de Maupertuis, né le 7 juillet 1698 à Saint Malo et mort à Bâle le 27 juillet 1759, est un mathématicien et astronome français …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pierre Louis Moreau de Maupertuis — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Moreau et Maupertuis. Pierre Louis Moreau de Maupertuis Philosophe et Scientifique Époque Moderne …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pierre-Louis de Maupertuis — Pierre Louis Moreau de Maupertuis (* 7. Juli 1698, Saint Malo; † 27. Juli 1759, Basel) war ein französischer Mathematiker, Astronom und Philosoph, der das Prinzip der kleinsten Wirkung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pierre Louis Maupertuis — Pierre Louis de Maupertuis Pierre Louis Moreau de Maupertuis (* 7. Juli 1698, Saint Malo; † 27. Juli 1759, Basel) war ein französischer Mathematiker, Astronom und Philosoph, der das Prinzip der kleinsten Wirkung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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